Union Flag / Union Jack - Flag of United Kingdom - A Brief History

Our hand-sewn Union Flag has been our trademark flag since 1872, having been used at some of the most historically significant battles, events, and state funerals since that time.

Each Union is made from individual coloured panels cut and sewn together to create the iconic design. Our method of using hand-sewn materials have been – and continue to be – the highest quality way to manufacture a national flag. The material we use is 155gsm woven fabric, giving excellent durability and a look of quality. The flag is stitched with a double sewn hem, and comes complete with a headband, rope, and toggle to ensure it can be flown immediately from any standard flagpole.

We manufacture every Union here in the UK, at our Chesham-based flag factory. Each of our designs is approved by the governing body on flag design, the Flag Institute. Our flags are also produced to the standard 2:1 design ratio, meaning they will match any other national flags flown side-by-side.

You don’t have to take our word for how good our flags are… we have been supplying the Royal Navy and other military branches for many years. We pride ourselves on the quality and heritage of our flags.

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Union Flag Trivia

The terms the “Union Jack” or “Union Flag” are equally correct and can be used in whatever context required. (This issue is discussed by The Flag Institute in a publication that can be found here).

Technical Specifications

Adopted 1st January 1801
Proportion 3:5 on land, 1:2 at sea
Design A white-fimbriated symmetric red cross on a blue field with a white-fimbriated counter-changed saltire of red and white.
Colours

PMS - Red: 186, Royal Blue: 280
CMYK - Red: 76% Yellow, 91% Magenta, 6% Black. Royal Blue: 100% Cyan, 72% Magenta, 18.5% Black.

 

Brief History of the Union Flag

There was a union of the Scottish and English crowns on 24 March 1603 when James VI of Scotland became the King of England and Ireland as James I.

In 1606 King James proclaimed that there would be one flag that would represent the whole of the United Kingdom and it was created using the Saltire of Scotland and the St. Georges cross. This was known as the Flag of the Kingdom of Great Britain.

At this time Wales was considered to be part of England and it is therefore is represented on the flag as part of the English St. Georges cross.

In 1800 the Act of Union enabled the kingdoms of Great Britain and Ireland to join together and in 1801 the cross of St. Patricks was added to the Flag of the Kingdom of Great Britain to create the Flag of the United Kingdom – the Union Jack (flag) we have and use today.

Other Uses of the Union Flag

The Union is one of the most distinctive flags in the world. It has formed the basis for many other countries national flags and is often included as a canton or similar in deference to past histories and associations.

In the UK the Union is also used on civil and military flags too as a way of distinguishing the source of origin. The most common uses are shown below.

The Royal Coat of Arms of the United Kingdom

The Royal coat of arms of the United Kingdom is the official coat of arms of Queen Elizabeth II. They are used by her in her official capacity as monarch of the United Kingdom.

Other members of the Royal Family have variants of the Royal Arms for their use as does the British government in connection with the administration and government of the country.

In Scotland, the Queen has a separate version of the Royal Arms, a variant of which is used by the Scotland Office.

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Hiedi Sloan

The flag looks great! Thank you for your efficient service on this item, it is much appreciated.

Andrew Kong

Just to say that the flag is going to the South Pole with the expedition and hopefully we can get some good pictures for you as well. Thank you so much for your help with everything.

Marc Nadeau

Thank you very much for your excellent service. The flags are absolutely wonderful and the service was exceptional.

Susannah Everington, Forde Abbey

Always receive friendly, helpful, accurate service. Can't be bettered!

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Now you know all about the history of the union, why not take a look at our premium quality hand made flags.

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How to Make a Union Jack Flag

How To Make A Correct Union Jack

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