All of our printed Equatorial Guinea flags are produced by a process called Dye Sublimation. The system drenches each fibre of the fabric, resulting in a flag with wonderful precise colour, and vitally the design appears perfectly on each side. This is known as ‘printed through to reverse’ and is an important consideration when choosing your flag as both sides will be seen when flying.
There was no official colonial flag when Equatorial Guinea was a Spanish colony between 1778 and 1968. Allegedly the Spanish flag was flown during this time. The British had a base in Spanish Guinea between 1827 and 1843 but it is not known if any flag was used.
In 1968 Equatorial Guinea became a republic and independent of Spanish Control. To celebrate this the first official flag of Equatorial Guinea was flown. They chose a green-white-red tricolour with a blue triangle at the left hand side.
The green symbolises the natural resources, white symbolises peace and red symbolises blood shed, the blue triangle symbolises the sea.
When the dictator Francisco Nguema took power in 1973 a second flag was designed. It featured the same basic layout as the first flag but an emblem in the centre of the white band. The emblem featured a cockerel and several tools including pick axe, knife, axe and hoe. Featuring a banner “work” above and “Unity, Peace, Justice” below.
When he was overthrown in 1979 a new coat of arms was adopted. The coat of arms featured a white shield with a silk cotton trees at the centre. Above are six six-sided stars and blow is “Unity, Peace, Justice”. The six stars represent the county and the five surrounding islands. The flag without the coat of arms is an unofficial variant flag.
The Coat of Arms of Equatorial Guinea
The Coat of Arms of Equatorial Guinea was adopted at the same time as the modern flag on the 21st August 1979. It is the same as the Coat of Arms from 1968. It features a shield with a silk cotton tree at the centre with six, six-sided, stars above and the motto “UNIDAD, PAZ, JUSTICIA” underneath.
The Proposed Presidential Flags of Equatorial Guinea
Here are two mock-ups of the proposed Presidential Flags of Equatorial Guinea from 1986. Currently there is no official Presidential flag. Both proposed flags feature the silk cotton tree and gold stars.
The Flags of the Provinces of Equatorial Guinea
Each province of Equatorial Guinea has a different flag design. Here are some examples.