|Adopted||11th August 1947|
|Design||A green field with a white vertical stripe, a white crescent and a five-pointed star.|
In 1526 the Mughai Empire ruled part of what was to become Pakistan and adopted a green triangular flag with a golden sun and tiny yellow dots.
Between 1674 and 1818 the Maratha Empire was in competition with the Mughai Empire. The flag of Maratha was a plain saffron swallowtail.
In 1748 most of Pakistan was under the Durrani Empire. The flag was a triangle with emblems and white sword.
From 1799 Sikh Empire also had control of part of Pakistan. The flag was a silk triangular orange flag with a double edged sword called a khanda.
From 1757 British East India Company, A London based private company, ruled India and Pakistan. The flag was a red and white alternating striped flag with the Union Flag in the top left corner. The British government took administration of the country in 1858 making the Union Flag the de facto flag of the country.
In 1880 an unofficial land flag was created to represent British India. It features a British Red Ensign with the Star of India centre right.
Pakistan gained independence in 1947 and a new ‘Flag of the Crescent and Star’ was adopted. Made up of a green field with a white vertical stripe, a white crescent and five-pointed star. The green colour represents Islam and the crescent and stars represent progress. It is often seen hanging from private homes and is hoisted each year on the 14th August.
The Emblem of Pakistan
The Emblem of Pakistan was adopted in 1954.
The design features a shield split into four parts depicting cotton, wheat, tea and just surrounded by a shield of Jasminum Officinale. With a crescent moon and star is above the shield and a banner stating “FAITH, UNITY, DISCIPLINE” below.
The Flags of the Government of Pakistan
The Flag of the President of Pakistan is a green field with vertical white stripe on the left and an emblem featuring a crescent moon and star surrounded by a Jasminum Officinale. The Flag of the Prime Minister features a dark green flag with the emblem of Pakistan at the centre.
The Civil Ensigns of Pakistan
The Civil Air Ensign of Pakistan is a sky blue field with a white-bordered black horizontal stripe through the centre and national flag top left. The Civil Ensign at sea features a red field with national flag top left.
The Military Flags of Pakistan
The Flag of the Pakistan Army is a green field with vertical white stripe and crossed swords protecting a crescent moon and star. The Ensign for the Pakistan Air Force is a sky blue field with national flag top left and the roundel centre right.
The Standard of the Pakistan Navy is the national flag with an emblem top left and the Ensign of the Navy is an elongated national flag. The Naval Jack of the Pakistan Navy is a dark blue field with vertical white stripe and the emblem in the centre.
The Provincial and Territorial Flags of Pakistan
Each province and territory of Pakistan has a specific flag and include the dark green colour from the national flag. See examples of the flags below.
The Emblems of the National Bodies of Pakistan
Each National Body of Pakistan has a specific emblem that features the Jasminum Officinale with a crescent moon and star. Examples of the national Bodies of Pakistan are below.