Union Flag Close Up

Mozambique

Trivia

The flag of Mozambique is similar to the flag of the Mozambican liberation Front.

Technical Specifications

Adopted 1st May 1983
Proportion  2:3
Design A dark green, black and yellow horizontal tricolour featuring a white border on the black stripe and a Red triangle. Inside the triangle is a yellow star with a white book, black AK-47 and hoe.

 

Brief History

Between 1498 and 1975 Mozambique was a colony of Portugal. The Portuguese flag was flown during this time, it was a green and red vertical bicolour that featured the Portuguese coat of arms where the green and red meet.

There was a proposed flag of Portuguese Mozambique that was similar to the flag of Portugal with the addition of the coat of arms of Portuguese East Africa in the bottom left corner.

An Example of the Flag of Portuguese Mozambique

The Proposed Flag of Portuguese Mozambique

When Mozambique was about to gain independence from Portugal in late 1974 a new flag was adopted. It was a dark green-black-yellow horizontal tricolour, with a white border on the black stripe and a red triangle on the left hand side. This flag is similar to the flag of the Mozambican Liberation Front (FRELIMO).

In 1975 The first official flag of Mozambique was unusual as it featured four yellow-black-red-green irregular triangles with white borders. A black lined cogwheel, hoe, AK-47 and open book with red five-pointed star features in the top left hand corner.

The Pre-Independence Flag of Mozambique (1974 – 1975)

The Flag of the People’s Republic of Mozambique (1975 – 1983)

In 1983 a Temporary flag was adopted in Mozambique, it was the pre-independence flag with A black lined cogwheel, hoe, AK-47 and open book with red five-pointed star in front of a gold five-pointed gold star in the red triangle.  The larger star was added to represent Marxism in Mozambique

In the same year the current flag was adopted, which featured the crossed hoe and AK-47 with open book and gold five-pointed star.   The green stripe represents the land, the white border represents peace, the black stripe symbolises the African continent, the yellow represent the county’s wealth.

In 2005 a new flag was proposed however the government rejected it.

The Temporary Flag of Mozambique (1983)

The Flag of Mozambique (1983 to Present Day)

The Coat of Arms of Mozambique

The Coat of Arms of Mozambique was adopted in 1990 and features a lot of Marxist symbols.

The cogwheel represents the industry, the crossed hoe and AK-47 at the centre represents the agriculture and the defence of the country.

The book and rising sun behind represents education and the new life. The corn stalks and sugar cane at either side represents strong agriculture and the red star above represents socialism.

Underneath is a ribbon with the name of the country.

Historical Coat of Arms of Mozambique

Here are some examples of the previous Coat of arms of Mozambique.

The Presidential Standard of Mozambique

The current Presidential Standard of Mozambique was adopted in 1990 and features a plain red field with the current Coat of Arms of Mozambique in a white circle at the centre.

The Historical Presidential Standards of Mozambique

The historical Presidential Standards of Mozambique both feature the plain red field, white circle and coat of arms at the centre.

The Presidential Standard of Mozambique (1975 – 1982)

The Presidential Standard of Mozambique (1982 -1990)

The Roundel of the Air Force of Mozambique

The Roundel of the Air Force of Mozambique features a black circle with a red triangle, inside of which is an outline of the cogwheel, crossed AK-47 and hoe, open book and five-pointed gold star.

The Flag of FRELIMO

The Flag of the Mozambique Liberation Front (FRELIMO) is the flag of the majority party in the Parliament of Mozambique. It features a plain red field with an emblem featuring a drum, corn, the stripes from the flag and the abbreviation FRELIMO.

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